Following apprenticeships as in the field of industrial chemistry and as locksmith,Michael Has studied Physics. He received his Dr. from Regensburg University and spent the first part of his career in industrial research in the Fogra Institutein Munich, Germany. He took the initiative and founded the group which later became the International Color Consortium–for who he served as their first Technical Secretary.

In his early career Dr. Has served on several advisory boards (such as of Linotype), held board positions e.g. at TAGA and in start-up companies, was part of Scientific Advisory Boards. His scientific work on industry development led to numerous publications in the field of Color Management, Workflow Management, Market Development in the Printing Industry, and Digital Printing. For that, he was awarded a Mac World Award and, with the ICC, he received the Seybold Award for Innovation.

After joining Océ, he held senior positions in R&D and worldwide portfolio planning, and in marketing.In 1996, Dr. Has joined the École Française de Papeterie et des industries Graphiques (EFPG) [Grenoble INP-Pagora] and finalized his ‘Habilitation à Diriger des Recherches’ in 1998.

He has been teaching in Grenoble as a Distinguished Professor since then. Teaching subjects include his fields of professional activity in the areas of Technology, Business and Portfolio Strategy, and Marketing. Dr. Has has mentored undergraduate and graduate student research projects and many of his students have published their research in peer-reviewed journals.

Dr. Has’ reputation in teaching and service is considerable. His teaching evaluations are consistently outstanding. In recognition of his contribution and way to guide students he was named Vertrauensdozent of the Hans Böckler Foundation –the foundation of the German Trade Unions.

Methodology to assess Green House Gas Emissions and Emission-related Risks for Companies

Michael Has, Distinguished Professor, Grenoble INP–Pagora

To prevent average atmospheric temperatures from increasing the emissions of Green House Gases need to be restricted. For that legislative entities of most of the industrialized nations implemented measures to limit such emissions plus develop implementable measures to reduce them. For such a reduction an annual percentage of reduction is legally required in lots of the industrialized countries. In order to develop strategies for reduction and a given company it is initially required to numerically know theGHG emissions at a given point of time -especially also their main contributions. Consequently, methods are required to assess emissions and develop emission-factor-related strategies for reduction.

The paper will introduce the TAGA community to a method to access the Green House Gas Protocol (GHP) Scope 1-, 2 -, and 3 -Emissions and gives examples for main contributors. Related to the emissions and the increasing likelihood of court cases, penalties and negative publicity partly severe risks come into existence for each individual companies. Such risks are introduced, structured and examples are given.